1-2-305. Postelection Procedures—Voting History—Definitions
Overview of Statute
The secretary of state must generate a list, no later than sixty days after an election, that identifies which individuals voted, did not vote, and each voter’s method of voting. The secretary of state should utilize these lists to identify any elector who voted multiple times, and should provide the proper district attorney with the identities of voters who appear to have voted multiple times in order to pursue prosecution. The secretary of state must also distribute, no later than March 1 of the year following a general election, a computerized list of individuals who voted to each major and minor political party free of charge.
As used in this section: “district of state concern” means a congressional district or a unique political subdivision with territory in more than one county and with its own enabling legislation; and “state election” means a general, primary, or congressional vacancy election, a special legislative election involving more than one county, a ballot issue election involving a statewide ballot issue, or any election involving a candidate or ballot issue for a district of state concern.
(1) Not later than sixty days after a state election, the secretary of state shall generate a list of electors showing who voted and who did not vote in the election. The list shall be drawn from the statewide voter registration database. For electors who voted, the list shall show such elector’s method of voting, whether by mail ballot, voter service and polling center voting, or otherwise.
(2) Upon receipt of the lists, the secretary of state shall examine the lists to see which electors did and did not vote in the election in order to ascertain if any elector has voted more than once. If it is determined that an elector has voted more than once, the secretary of state shall notify the proper district attorney for prosecution of a violation of the provisions of this code.
(3) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) “District of state concern” means a congressional district or a unique political subdivision with territory in more than one county and with its own enabling legislation, as identified by rules adopted by the secretary of state pursuant to section 1-1-104 (9.5).
(b) “State election” means a general, primary, or congressional vacancy election, a special legislative election involving more than one county, a ballot issue election involving a statewide ballot issue, or any election involving a candidate or ballot issue for a district of state concern.
(4) No later than March 1 of each year following a year in which a general election was held, the secretary of state shall distribute to each major and minor political party, free of charge, a list of individuals who actually voted in such election. Such list may be in the form of a computer list.
L. 92: Entire article R&RE, p. 664, § 2, effective January 1, 1993.L. 95: Entire section amended, p. 180, § 4, effective April 7.L. 2000: (1) amended and (3) and (4) added, p. 1758, § 3, effective January 1, 2001.L. 2007: (1) amended, p. 1777, § 8, effective June 1.L. 2009: (1) and (2) amended, (HB 09-1018), ch. 158, p. 683, § 4, effective August 5.L. 2013: (1) amended, (HB 13-1303), ch. 185, p. 698, § 21, effective May 10.
Cross references: In 2013, subsection (1) was amended by the “Voter Access and Modernized Elections Act”. For the short title and the legislative declaration, see sections 1 and 2 of chapter 185, Session Laws of Colorado 2013.
1. Definition for Political party
Any group of registered electors who, by petition or assembly, nominate candidates for the official general election ballot. “Political party” includes affiliated party organizations at the state, county, and election district levels, and all such affiliates are considered to be a single entity for the purposes of this article, except as otherwise provided in section 7. Section 2(13) of article XXVIII of the state constitution.
2. Definition for Political subdivision
A governing subdivision of the state, including counties, municipalities, school districts, and special districts. C.R.S. § 1-7.5-103.
3. Definition for State
A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. C.R.S. § 1-8.3-102.
4. Definition for Ballot
(a) A federal write-in absentee ballot;
(b) A ballot specifically prepared or distributed for use by a covered voter in accordance with this article; or
(c) A ballot cast by a covered voter in accordance with this article.
(2) “Covered voter” means:
(a) A uniformed-service voter defined in paragraph (a) of subsection (9) of this section who is a resident of this state but who is absent from this state by reason of active duty and who otherwise satisfies this state’s voter eligibility requirements;
(b) An overseas voter who, before leaving the United States, was last eligible to vote in this state and, except for a state residency requirement, otherwise satisfies this state’s voter eligibility requirements;
(c) An overseas voter who, before leaving the United States, would have been last eligible to vote in this state had the voter then been of voting age and, except for a state residency requirement, otherwise satisfies this state’s voter eligibility requirements; or
(d) An overseas voter who was born outside the United States, is not described in paragraph (b) or (c) of this subsection (2), and, except for a state residency requirement, otherwise satisfies this state’s voter eligibility requirements if the last place where a parent, legal guardian, spouse, or civil union partner of the voter was, or under this article would have been, eligible to vote before leaving the United States is within this state.
C.R.S. § 1-8.3-102.
5. Definition for Election
Any election under the “Uniform Election Code of 1992” or the “Colorado Municipal Election Code of 1965”, article 10 of title 31, C.R.S. C.R.S. § 1-7.5-103.
6. Definition for Secretary
The Colorado secretary of state. C.R.S. § 1-1.5-102.
7. Definition for Candidate
Any person who seeks nomination or election to any state or local public office that is to be voted on in this state at any primary election, general election, school district election, special district election, or municipal election. “Candidate” also includes a judge or justice of any court of record who seeks to be retained in office pursuant to the provisions of section 25 of article VI. A person is a candidate for election if the person has publicly announced an intention to seek election to public office or retention of a judicial office and thereafter has received a contribution or made an expenditure in support of the candidacy. A person remains a candidate for purposes of this article so long as the candidate maintains a registered candidate committee. A person who maintains a candidate committee after an election cycle, but who has not publicly announced an intention to seek election to public office in the next or any subsequent election cycle, is a candidate for purposes of this article. Section 2(2) of article XXVIII of the state constitution.